- 36 - 37.3 ° C - in the armpit,
- 36.6 - 37.2 ° C - oral temperature,
- 36.9 - 38 ° C - rectal temperature.
In newborn children, the process of thermoregulation is not finally formed and heat transfer prevails over heat production (heat production), children often freeze, which is expressed in hiccups, cooling and turning blue of arms and legs. Therefore, infants are easy to overheat or supercool.
Video consultation: why in newborns the temperature is 37.1-37.3
Parents should be aware that under constant swaddling conditions, thermoregulation mechanisms "do not start." This delays the adaptation of the child to the natural environment and makes him susceptible to colds.
Maintaining normal temperature in the smallest children is achieved by the usual care of the child.
Body temperature is not the same for all children and fluctuates, as indicated above, from 36 to 38 degrees (depending on where we measure), plus it depends on many factors of development and physiology of the child. To determine the optimal (normal) temperature of your baby’s body, you must for several days in the morning, at lunch and in the evening to measure it. Thus, parents will be able to establish the average stable temperature of their newborn baby.
Personal video greetings from Santa Claus
Ways to maintain normal body temperature in a newborn
The smaller the child, the more he needs to create a special thermal regime. There are simple ways to create a comfortable environment for your child.
- Children's room should be well warmed up from 20º to 24ºС.
- You need to wear a baby one layer more / less (depending on the season) than an adult dressed in these conditions.
- Make sure that the child does not freeze at night. Cover it with a natural blanket (made of wool, cotton), which retains heat better, while ensuring proper thermoregulation.
- To walk outdoors, the infant must be dressed seasonally and in accordance with the weather. It is important that the baby’s head is warm to avoid hypothermia, as almost 30% of the heat is lost precisely with the head open.
- At first, it would be wise to use a simple wall-mounted thermometer in the room to determine the temperature in the room (See articleabout the optimal temperature in the room of the newborn).
- To make sure the baby is warm, touch the back of the head with your palm. If the nape is cool, then the baby needs extra heat.
How to prevent overheating of the baby
At the same time, parents should be careful not to overheat the baby, because overheating infants tolerate much more severe hypothermia.
Normal body temperature is determined by the warm body, pink skin, and the activity of the child. If the parents noticed a decrease in the child’s activity, lack of appetite, fever (especially if such symptoms occur in the warm season) - perhaps the baby has overheated. (In especially severe cases, overheating can even be fatal.)
To prevent overheating, use the following methods:
- The baby must be suitably dressed (in the summer, a cotton shirt and sheets are enough for shelter).
- Provide your child with a plentiful drink.
- In the heat, do not take the newborn to open sunny space, try to walk with him in the shade.
- Wear a panama hat on the baby’s head.
- Do not leave the child unattended in the stroller for daytime sleep in the summer, as the sun can heat not only the stroller, but also overheat the child.
- NEVER Do not leave the infant in a closed machine alone.
Each child is individual and the temperature norm for each infant can be different. If the child is active, healthy, eats well and does not feel any discomfort, then there is no reason for concern!
Does your baby cough? Does it run out of nose? Or perhaps his eyes turned red? If in the morning when you are collecting your child in kindergarten or school, you notice signs of the disease, then rather give the baby Oscillococcinum. At the earliest stages of influenza and acute respiratory viral infections, the drug will help the child’s body cope with the disease and will not let it cope with temperature. Why get sick if there is Oscillococcinum? After the first dose you will notice that the child has become much easier!
Well, if your child has a high fever, then read the articles:
What is the normal body temperature in infants?
The temperature in a baby on the one hand depends on external factors, on the other hand it is an indicator of the baby’s health status. It is important to correctly measure the temperature and be able to assess its performance.
The norm of temperature in infants is the most important condition for the normal course of metabolic processes, blood circulation, the work of the immune system and the whole organism. In infants, it has its own characteristics. On the first day of life, the baby’s temperature is 37.6-38.2 degrees, then the body is cooled under the influence of the external environment, and 36.3-37.5 degrees are considered its generally accepted norm throughout the entire infant period.
Premature babies are less active, they have lower metabolic processes and body temperature may not rise above 36 °. Therefore, they are looked after in warm rooms, special incubators with maintaining the temperature regime.
It should be remembered that the baby has not yet developed a thermoregulation system, so his body can easily overheat in a hot environment, or cool in a cool room. Such fluctuations negatively affect the health of the child, can lead to disease. Parents should create conditions for the constant maintenance of the temperature in the newborn within normal limits.
It is equally important to be able to correctly measure the temperature of the baby, its value will vary:
- in the armpit - 36.6 °,
- with oral measurement - 37.1 °,
- with rectal measurement - 37.5 °. The most reliable data are rectal indicators.
The body temperature of the child can vary during the day for completely physiological reasons. For example, if he is too active, or cries a lot, it can increase, and vice versa, in a calm state - it decreases. Also, its fluctuations are natural from 36.4 ° in the morning after sleep to 37.8-38 ° in the evening.
It should be remembered that a persistent decrease or increase in temperature outside the normal range is evidence of various diseases: circulatory disorders, metabolism, intoxication, infection in the body. These cases require immediate medical attention.
What temperature should be normal
A newborn falls into an environment whose temperature differs sharply from his usual. In a full-term healthy baby at birth, t ° of the body is 37.6-38.2 ° due to loss of fluid and birth stress, but this quickly passes. In the coming hours, it drops by 1.5-2 divisions. In addition, the temperature in newborns in the first month ranges from 36.3 to 37 °.
Such fluctuations should not worry mom, on the contrary, maintaining the good condition of the child is carried out taking into account this particular feature.
For your information. Screaming, crying, anxiety, excessive activity in the evening are the reasons that increase the body's t ° to 38 degrees and above. If the temperature does not drop in a calm state, it is necessary to look for other causes and eliminate them.
Methods for measuring temperature in a monthly newborn
The first days of a child’s life are difficult for young parents. There is no experience in caring for a newborn, and hygiene procedures should be carried out every day. One of the main grooming skills is to be able to correctly measure body temperature and know what temperature a child should have at 1 month. Deviations from the norm will be a signal of changes in the state of the crumbs.
A baby’s temperature at 1 month is measured in one of six ways. Which one to choose, it's up to mom. Main condition – the presence of an appropriate thermometer and skill in an adult:
- in an axillary manner, t ° is measured in the axilla with a mercury thermometer, normally 36.3-37.3 °,
- for oral measurement, an electronic thermometer or a thermometer-nipple is placed in the oral cavity, t ° - 35.5-37.2 °,
- rectally measure t ° in the rectum with an electronic thermometer, the norm corresponds to 37.6-38 °,
- using the tympanic method, t ° is measured with an infrared thermometer in the ears, the norm reaches from 35.8 to 38 °,
- the frontal method helps to measure t ° with an infrared thermometer on the forehead, normally - 35.5-37.5 °,
- non-contact t ° is measured at a distance with an infrared thermometer, the readings should correspond to the average familiar value.
The method for measuring the temperature of the baby depends on the ability of the mother and the availability of the necessary thermometer
For your information. Temperature is considered elevated if the thermometer readings are 0.5 divisions higher than normal.
Pediatricians warn that the baby's thermoregulation is not yet formed enough, so he has a high sensitivity to both hypothermia and overheating. It should take time for the crumbs to have the ability to constantly maintain normal body t °.
When asked how many times a day to measure t °, pediatricians advise at least five measurements. This makes it possible to notice changes in the children's state in time. It is useful to keep a diary of t ° indicators in order to calculate the average value as the norm.
How to find out?
To find out if the baby has a normal temperature or not, just a touch is not enough. It is very difficult to determine with your palm how much exactly in degrees it is. Moreover, the temperature can be increased and the parent, respectively, sensations can not be called objective. Therefore, His Majesty the thermometer comes to the aid of young mothers. The use of a conventional mercury-filled glass appliance is not recommended. The kid, even being under the control of an adult, can make a sharp careless movement and break the flask. The amount of possible damage and harm from a hazardous substance can not even be mentioned.
The optimal solution is a modern electronic thermometer, which must be present in the baby's medicine cabinet. And if you know what the temperature should be for a month-old baby, then, taking measurements in the axillary region with a safe device, you can understand if there is any reason for concern and calling a doctor.
There are two other areas that are used to measure body temperature in infants. This is the inguinal fold and rectum. In the latter case, the procedure takes very little time. The exact number can be obtained in just thirty seconds. That is, you do not have to hold the baby for a long time in a stationary state.
So this method remains the most convenient, and therefore in demand. Although today there is another newfangled alternative. To find out if the newborn’s temperature is normal or elevated, they use a cute and safe thermometer made in the form of a nipple, which the baby can hold in her mouth without any discomfort.
How to measure a baby’s temperature in 1 month rectally
A very young child is best suited to measure t ° in a rectal manner. So you can get the most accurate result. Doing this is quite simple, the main thing – observe caution and accuracy in their actions:
- put the baby on a barrel or on his back,
- pull the legs to the tummy
- hold in that position
- carefully insert a thermometer no more than two cm into the rectum.
Important! Before the procedure, the tip is warmed to room temperature and lubricated with a baby cream so as not to frighten the child by the contrast of temperatures. The thermometer is held for 5-7 minutes or until a beep.
Causes of an increase in temperature in a child in 1 month
Most often, parents are afraid of an asymptomatic fever. If there are no acute viral infections, then this condition of the baby can be caused by the following reasons:
- In hot weather, children easily overheat due to low body weight, low activity of sweat glands, and limited heat transfer by warm clothing.
Excessive wrapping of the baby can cause fever.
- The stuffy room becomes the cause of overheating of the baby, if, moreover, a caring mother strongly wraps it up, despite the heat in the room.
- Paradoxically, cold air can also cause an increase in body temperature. Although heat generation increases in the cold in newborns, it is exceeded by a high level of heat transfer. Thermoregulation mechanisms cannot cope with the prolonged exposure to heat and cold. This causes a tiny child to have a fever (exon hypertension) or a significant decrease (exon hypotemia).
How to maintain normal body temperature in an infant
To maintain the temperature in a newborn baby in the norm at 1 month, you need to know the work of heat generation and heat transfer:
- a signal about changes in t ° of air enters the brain,
- impulses go from it to the body, affecting thermoregulation,
- heat transfer depends on metabolism, muscle activity and metabolic rate.
Chemical reactions to maintain life, that is, metabolism, do not occur in different parts of the body, organs and tissues participate in heat transfer differently. The greatest amount of heat is generated in the liver, kidneys, brain, working muscles.
Unlike an adult, infants have not yet developed such a mechanism of heat generation as trembling. This often confuses moms and dads, provoking them to make mistakes. Not understanding whether the child is freezing or not, they begin to wrap it up, which leads to overheating. If the baby is frozen, it begins not to tremble, but to cry and wave its handles to activate the mechanism of active heat transfer.
For your information. The source of heat in infants is brown fat. It is located on the neck, shoulder blades, as well as in the kidneys and mediastinum (organs located behind the sternum). Brown fat is well supplied with blood, its amount in a newborn reaches up to 8% of body weight, so it protects the baby well from hypothermia.
What temperature should a month-old baby have?
Young mothers are often very concerned about the health status of their newborn baby. One of the main indicators of well-being in a tiny body is its body temperature. From birth, it is repeatedly measured in babies, including in the maternity hospital. This becomes most relevant in situations where there is reason to believe that the child is not feeling well.
Having found numbers on the thermometer that are different from the usual value of “36.6”, parents often begin to worry and suspect the worst diseases of their child. Meanwhile, normal indicators of body temperature for babies may be different, since the thermoregulation system in them is not completely formed. In this article we will tell you what body temperature a month-old baby should have and at what values you can not worry about his health condition.
Providing a comfortable environment
Knowing the characteristics of children's thermoregulation helps to provide comfortable conditions for the life of the crumbs.
In order not to go to extremes when caring for a baby, it is necessary to maintain optimal air temperature in the children's room. Pediatricians have developed the level of air regime in the room, taking into account the age characteristics of children. Maintaining it will avoid overcooling or overheating:
- for newborns, the t ° level is not more than 25 degrees,
- within 1 month, t ° is reduced to 23-24 degrees,
- by 6 months the normal t ° of air for wakefulness is 20 °, for sleep - 18 °.
It is necessary to observe a certain microclimate when bathing. The temperature regime is as follows:
- for a newborn, t ° of water corresponds to body temperature, the air in the bathroom is 25-27 degrees,
- as they grow older, t ° of water gradually decreases by one or two degrees, which allows you to harden the baby and adapt it to change the weather.
One of the conditions of comfort for pediatricians is the bodily development of thermoregulation mechanisms. They recommend using close contact with mom for this. When feeding, the mother hugs the baby, hugging it closely. This is important for thermal comfort, and to maintain lactation.
For your information. Cold air causes significant heat dissipation, so drafts and strong winds on a walk should be avoided.
What is the normal temperature for a month old baby?
The norm of body temperature in a monthly child is from 37.0 to 37.2 degrees. At the same time, the system of thermoregulation of infants up to the age of 3 months is not able to maintain the temperature at the same level, so they very often overheat or overcool.
Since the tiny body for a long time adapts to new conditions of life outside the maternal tummy, the body temperature of a newborn baby in some cases reaches 38-39 degrees, but at the same time, does not indicate the development of a disease or inflammatory process.
In addition, the temperature value directly depends on the method of its measurement. So, normal indicators for monthly children are as follows:
- in the traditional measurement under the arm, it should be from 36.0 to 37, 2 degrees,
- in the mouth - 36.6-37.2 degrees,
- when measured rectally through the anus - 36.9-37.4 degrees.
Of course, with a significant increase in body temperature of the crumbs, which does not drop for a long time, should call a pediatrician. Nevertheless, it should be borne in mind that an increase in the indicator can be associated not only with the development of the ailment, but also with other reasons, for example:
- excessive psycho-emotional stress,
- long cry
- intestinal colic.
In all these situations, the baby's body temperature can rise even up to 39 degrees, but after a short period of time, she should independently return to normal values.
Symptoms of overheating in the summer of a child in 1 month
Especially dangerous is overheating of the baby in the summer. The danger is that parents do not always notice this on time. If hypothermia can be seen immediately, since the baby cries and actively moves the handles, then the moment of overheating is easy to miss and catch on when symptoms such as:
- increase in body t ° to 37.8-38 °,
- severe anxiety or, on the contrary, apathy,
- skin redness
- sharp hydration of the body,
- crying, rejection of the chest.
Painful symptoms: redness, apathy, indicate overheating
Important! In case of overheating, the following steps should be taken: undress the baby, put on dry, light clothing, drink water, and soothe. If such simple actions do not help, and the symptoms of overheating persist, you must seek medical help.
Prevention of overheating in a month old baby in the heat
The younger the child, the more dangerous it is overheating, so safety precautions must be observed. It’s enough for mom to use simple but effective means to maintain the temperature of the baby at a rate of 1 month:
- Protect the nursery from direct sunlight and moisturize the air.
- Ventilate the room more often to maintain air regime, transferring the child to another room at this time.
- Limit outdoor walks if the air temperature rises above 30 °. Walking with the baby is best in the morning or evening, when there is no intense heat.
- Choose the appropriate clothing for the baby, lightweight, made from natural fabrics to “breathe” the skin.
- In summer, you can more often than usual bathe children. The procedure takes only a few minutes, but this is enough for a comfortable state.
- In addition to bathing, wet wipes with a soft towel are useful.
For your information. In infants, the appetite decreases in the heat, therefore, for the correct metabolism, the baby needs to be given more fluid. A breast infant can often be applied to the breast, use boiled water to quench thirst.
Frequent bathing in the heat will help prevent overheating
What does body temperature depend on?
We answer: it depends on many physiological processes, and maintaining a stable normal temperature provides a thermoregulation system. It is the thermoregulation system in infants that is imperfect, therefore, it is sensitive to all changes in the environment. Up to 3 months, the thermoregulation system is not able to maintain constancy, because infants often very quickly get too cold or, on the contrary, overheat. It is important to understand that far from always elevated body temperature in infants indicates the presence of any infectious diseases, often the cause of this is prolonged crying or too warm clothing.
In infants, an increase in body temperature of up to 37.4 degrees can be observed.
Optimal body temperature in a month-old baby is from 37 to 37.2 degrees (born healthy, from 5 to 10 points on Apgar). These indicators are considered averaged. In the first few days of life, the indicator can rise to 38–39 degrees and, in most cases, is not a manifestation of the disease - the small body of the child simply did not adapt to life outside the womb, its thermoregulation system is still unstable and does not cope with “loads”.
- Before the procedures, you need to carefully monitor the condition of the baby, immediately after waking up, eating, crying or excessive physical activity do not take any measurements.
- All procedures should be carried out in a calm state of the child.
- Remember that body temperature is influenced by t ° of air and humidity in the room.
- If the temperature rises, you should not knock it down, but check if there is an overheat, only then take measures.
For proper care, you can use the medical rules for children's heat transfer: mom is cool - baby is comfortable, baby is comfortable - baby is warm, mother is warm - baby is hot, mother is hot - the child is overheated. It is important to remember that it is easier for children to endure cooling than overheating.
What should be normal indicators, measurement features
There are three methods of measurement: orally (the thermometer lies under the tongue), rectally (inserted into the anus), in the armpits. It is important to understand that the temperature of the child in different places varies slightly.
Measure the temperature of the baby in the mouth much more quickly than otherwise.
Normal indicators in infants:
- In the armpits: 36–37.2
- In the rectum (rectally): 36.9–37.4
- In the mouth: 36.6–37.2
Despite the fact that the difference, at first glance, is not significant, the accuracy will make it possible to more accurately judge the condition of the baby.
Causes of increased rates in monthly babies
Prolonged crying or overexcitation. As we already wrote, the thermoregulation system of the child in the first months of life is unstable, therefore, when the child is overexcited or cries for a long time, it can overheat, resulting in a slight increase in body temperature.
If the baby cries for a long time, this can lead to fever.
Colic. The cause can also be colic or gas in the tummy - this is a common occurrence. A sign of this can be a swollen belly.
If you see your baby’s temperature a little over 37 degrees, do not rush to call a doctor - perhaps the reason lies in the processes that are natural for a newborn.
What reasons can cause a fever in a month old baby?
The first and most important reason is a long cry or overexcitation. As noted above, the system of thermoregulation of the body in a newborn is very unstable, so prolonged crying or a general excited state may well provoke a temperature increase of several degrees. Another reason may be colic. This is a common occurrence in babies from 1 to 6 months. It is characterized by bloating and uneasiness of the baby.
The temperature in a month-old baby may increase slightly due to general overheating. If the child is in a hot room for a long time, in the sun or just too warmly dressed. And, of course, do not forget about such a painful period in the life of the baby, when the teeth begin to be cut. As many pediatricians note during this period, 70% of children have a sharp increase in temperature, crying, anxiety, and even some allergic reactions.
Remember the main thing - each baby is individual. For example, if your child is active enough, has a good appetite and a “healthy” blush and puts on weight well, then a temperature of 37.2 is a normal constant indicator. There is also the concept of “low temperature” - this is an indicator below 36 degrees. This temperature may appear due to poor appetite, long sleep, or a general weakened state of the body. Always focus on the general condition of your child. If you see that he feels great and does not bother him, then everything is in order.
But it should be remembered that when the temperature rises above 38.2 - 38.5, antipyretic drugs should be taken. If this does not work, then immediately call an ambulance!
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What temperature is considered normal in a month old baby
Many parents wonder: what temperature is considered normal for a month-old baby? In order to give an answer to it, the physiology of this indicator should first be explained. For him in the human body is responsible for the thermoregulation system, which in infants has not yet been completely formed. Because of this, the kids are sensitive enough to the changes that occur in their environment.
In infants who have not yet reached 3 months of age, the thermoregulation system cannot maintain their body temperature at some constant level, and therefore children can often overheat or supercool.
At the same time, parents need to know that a month-old child's slightly elevated body temperature is not always a signal of the presence of an infection in their body. Sometimes the reason can be quite commonplace - too warm clothes. A prolonged cry can also provoke an increase in temperature. Accordingly, you just need to be more attentive to the baby in order to avoid unnecessary worries about his health.
A slight deviation from the average is allowed
Generally speaking, doctors say that for a month-old baby, the temperature range from 37 to 37.2 degrees is considered normal. These indicators are averaged, so a slight deviation in one direction or another is quite acceptable. Moreover, in the first few days after the birth of the baby, the temperature of the crumbs can even rise to 39 degrees. In this case, she also does not indicate the presence of infection in the body. The latter just did not have time to properly adapt to living conditions in a new, unfamiliar world after such a cozy, comfortable and calm mother’s womb.
The thermoregulation system of the newborn is still far from perfect, and therefore it is simply not able to cope with the loads. By the way, the constant swaddling of a child leads to the fact that the mechanisms of thermoregulation in his body do not start. Thus, you simply delay the adaptation of the baby to the world around him, while increasing the risk of a catarrhal disease.
Now let's take a closer look at one rather important point. We are talking about the features of measuring temperature in infants. As mentioned above, it can fluctuate - certain ranges are allowed here. In order to determine the normal temperature of your child, you should measure it in the morning, afternoon and evening for several days in a row. As a result, you will get an average indicator. It will be just your child’s normal temperature.
There are currently 3 different ways to measure a baby’s body temperature:
- in the armpits.
It is easy to guess that the latter is a familiar option for all adults. Here it is necessary that the child holds a thermometer under his arm. Naturally, the baby will not be able to cope with this task on its own, so he should help a little by fixing the handle in one position. Normal here are indicators ranging from 36 to 37.2 degrees.
With the oral method of measurement, the thermometer should be placed in the child’s mouth, under the tongue. Here, indicators in the range of 36.6 to 37.2 degrees are considered normal. And finally, the rectal method. A thermometer is introduced to the baby in the anus. In this case, the normal temperature range will be higher, compared with the first two methods - from 39.9 to 37.4 degrees. It should be especially noted that infants will not like any of the three methods described above, so parents should be extremely careful when measuring.
How to maintain a normal temperature in the baby
Children at the age of one month still need to create a special comfortable thermal regime for them. To create them, parents need to follow a few simple rules. In particular, the temperature in the children's room should fluctuate in the range from 20 to 24 degrees Celsius, otherwise the baby will have a feeling of discomfort.
Keep your baby cool at night. It is best to cover it with a natural blanket - it retains heat better. Do not forget also about ensuring the correct thermoregulation. Depending on the season, the number of layers of baby clothes should be one more or less than that of an adult. To make sure that the baby is warm is quite simple. You usually need to put your hand to his nape. If it is cool, then the baby needs extra warmth.
At the same time, the child should not be allowed to overheat, since infants tolerate it more heavily than hypothermia. Visually determine that the baby’s temperature in norm is possible by activity, as well as by the skin - it should be pink. Do not forget that there have been cases when overheating was fatal. A child is a big responsibility, and therefore parents should constantly watch the baby, because he is still too helpless at the first stage of his life.
What body temperature should a newborn have: methods of measurement and normal indicators in infants by months
An ideal indicator of a normal human body temperature is 36.6 degrees. We repel from it, measuring our own temperature during the disease. Variations in the indicator in a healthy state of the body depend on the individual characteristics of people. The rate of metabolism, heat transfer, heat production, temperature of the external space - all these processes affect the final indicators. The picture with the norm in a child is even more complicated.When measuring baby’s body temperature, parents must take into account many factors: whether the child was actively behaving before measuring what he was wearing when he ate. In addition, the readings of the thermometer depend on the individual thermal reaction of the child's body.
What is the body temperature of a newborn?
Within a few minutes after leaving the womb, the newborn has the same body temperature as her mother. Adaptation to a new environment causes a decrease in the initial figures by 1-1.5 degrees in a month-old baby. It is important that in the first hours of the appearance of crumbs, hypothermia is prevented. After 5-6 hours, the numbers reach an average value and range between 36.5-36.8 degrees. It is possible to increase to 37.0 degrees in the first seven days of a child’s life.
When transient hyperthermia in a newborn, 3-5 days after birth, the temperature rises sharply to 38-39 degrees. The cause of the disease can be too warm air in the room, the proximity of the pump room next to the heating equipment. The lack of drinking in hot weather, the presence of a child in direct sunlight, and overheating due to warm clothing affect the occurrence of the ailment. Treatment of transient hyperthermia is to eliminate the factors that caused it. The child is undressed, allowed to lie naked so that the body cools down. Increase the amount of drink (give 50-100 ml of 5% glucose solution).
If transient hyperthermia occurs in 0.3-0.5% of children, then the opposite effect in the form hypothermia (lowering of temperature) is diagnosed more often. Doctors trace the connection of hypothermia with the anatomical and physiological differences of the child’s body and new living conditions for newborns. The first 2 months in newborns do not have a daily rhythm of temperature inherent in adults. After two months, it begins to form, but even then it is weakly expressed.
Norm for children from 2 months of life and up to 5-7 years
The question of what temperature is considered healthy for a child aged 1 month is of concern to many parents (we recommend reading: what to do if the child has a low temperature?). Pediatricians are guided by the average indicators obtained as a result of long-term observations of infants. In order not to create unnecessary reasons for excitement, write down the normative figures for yourself:
- for the armpit - 36.4-37.3 ° C,
- for the rectum (rectal) - 36.9-37.6 ° C,
- in the mouth (oral) - 36.6-37.2 ° C.
The intervals are given taking into account the individual characteristics of the children. To find out what marks on the thermometer will be usual for your child, you should measure it 3 times a day for several days (more in the article: what temperature should be knocked down immediately if the child has it?). Write down the degrees in the three zones and show them to the pediatrician. The doctor will derive an average indicator for your child and determine his individual parameters of heat transfer and heat production. Knowing how the baby’s body behaves, you can easily distinguish the norm from the problem that has arisen.
Starting from the second month and up to six months, the temperature of the baby, measured in the armpit, can rise to 37.4 degrees - it is considered normal (we recommend reading: is it normal that the baby is 3 months old has a temperature of 37 degrees?). After 6 months, the upper limit should not exceed 37 degrees. Actively developing, the child spends a lot of energy, so you should not be scared if his temperature rises slightly. An increase to 38 ° C in 2 days and 2 years can be noted with a long, hysterical state with crying or severe overexcitation. The jump is caused by an abundant rush of blood to the baby's head. In addition, a non-disease related increase in numerical values may be caused by:
- overheating (hot in the bathroom, indoors or outdoors, warm clothes),
- the growth of the first teeth
- body reaction to vaccination,
- an allergy.
We measure the temperature correctly
Measure the temperature in the infant is preferable when he is sleeping. The calm state of the child allows you to get accurate numbers. Measurements during wakefulness are recommended to be carried out 30 minutes after you walked with the child, fed or bought it. Before you put a thermometer, you need to wipe the skin.
- For children under 4 years old, the thermometer is placed vertically in the axillary zone, with the tail in the armpit and a pinch clamping between the inner surface of the arm and the side of the body.
- A child at 4-5 years old is placed a thermometer in the same way as in adults.
A mercury thermometer is not used to measure rectal temperature - you should take an electronic device with a soft tip.
Dr. Komarovsky points out that a temperature of 36-37 degrees is considered normal for a child. Taking measurements throughout the day, you can control it, understanding whether your baby is healthy or there are signs of malfunctions in the body. Keep in mind the fact that in the morning after a quiet sleep, the temperature decreases, and in the evening it can be slightly increased. The difference is 3-4 divisions of the thermometer. For the morning, the norm will be 35.9-36.1 ° C, in the evening - 36.9-37.3 ° C.