The concept of lichen unites a group of dermatological problems. Their common signs are the appearance of specific spots on the skin. Secondary symptoms differ, as does the nature of the disease. Some of them are associated with internal disturbances in the body, and some are the result of infection penetrating the skin. The first group does not pose a threat to others. With infectious lichens, there is a high risk of spreading the disease among people. A brief description of the diseases with a photo will help determine the type and degree of danger of rashes.
Not contagious lichen
There are many prerequisites for the appearance of inflamed spots on the skin. The most common are allergic reactions, intoxication, attacks of the dermis (skin) with one's own immunity. If the disturbed mechanisms return to normal, the rash disappears, if the disturbances are chronic, it remains on the body and progresses.
Types of lichen
The types of lichen affecting a person include:
Ringworm (trichophytosis) - most often found in children, the pathogen is a fungus trichophyton. It is usually localized on the head under the hair, on the face, shoulders and neck. In adults (in men) it can be manifested by the growth of a beard. Infection occurs through close contact with a sick person.
Microsporia - caused by the activity of fungi that are transmitted from animals, most often cats, therefore, children of pre-school age are infected primarily through games with a sick pet. After receiving the disease from the animal, the child can infect them with other people. Lichen can be located almost everywhere, including under the hair. The incubation period is from 5 days to a couple of weeks.
Pink lichen (zhiber's lichen) - occurs after hypothermia, often affects the female and adolescent body. The causative agent of the disease is not fully understood, but it is assumed that it is of viral origin. Localization: on the stomach, chest, back, sides, shoulders and in the folds of the skin. The disease can occur several weeks to months. Only a specialist can make a final diagnosis, since outwardly pink lichen appears like such a terrible disease as syphilis.
Pityriasis (color) lichen - caused by fungi and provoked by hormonal changes and prolonged exposure to the sun, when the body begins to actively produce sweat. In a humid environment, the fungus begins to actively multiply and fill the space of the skin. The cause of development can also be seborrheic dermatitis. Most often localized on the shoulders, abdomen, chest and back. This type of lichen becomes the most protracted, since the number of spots without treatment is constantly growing and can even merge into a single focus. Has a family predisposition.
Shingles (Herpes zoster) - herpetic skin lesions in areas such as the intercostal space and along the location of the intercostal nerves. It is characteristic of elderly people or any other age category if immunity has been reduced. The disease is accompanied by pain from the chest, especially between the ribs. Pain can last more than a month. A dangerous form of lichen is localization in the eyes, because of which you can even completely lose your vision.
Lichen planus is the least studied type of this infectious disease. Presumptive cause of development is human allergic predisposition in case of stressful situations. Usually sick women and people with problems with the gastrointestinal tract. The onset of symptoms is often associated with a genetic predisposition or the presence of some provoking factor (for example, severe stress). It affects red lichen mucous membranes, skin on the abdomen or chest, as well as nails. It can occur in various forms (rings, tubercles, ulcers and corrosion).
Scaly lichen (psoriasis) - a chronic disease to which the external parts of the extensor surfaces (elbows, knees, knuckles), buttocks and lower back are most susceptible. The latent course of the disease can sharply turn into active in the event of stressful situations. This type of lichen is not contagious.
What does lichen look like
In children and adults, lichen of various types manifests itself in different ways. In general, signs in humans are itchy rashes or spotsthat spread to certain areas of the body.
Children are most exposed trichophytosis, which is easy to calculate by the appearance of balding areas on the head, painted in pink or red. The initial stages of the disease often proceed almost imperceptibly, but as soon as itching appears, the person notices changes in the color and texture of the skin.
Tinea in children can flow into chickenpox: with the formation of crusts that need to be treated with special disinfectant solutions. Although these two diseases are different, those who have previously had chickenpox have the symptoms of deprivation. At the same time, in the category of people who have not had chickenpox, the virus causes it, and most often children fall into this category.
Symptoms are similar to those of most skin diseases, so it’s only possible to determine if you have it dermatologist.
The main symptoms of lichen are:
- local lightening or darkening of skin areas; the appearance of spots of various shades; skin itching; peeling of a painted skin area; hair loss (for certain types of lichen)
The treatment of depriving a person depends on his type pathogen. Most often, they become microscopic fungi and some types of viruses. From an infected animal to a person, deprivation is transmitted through zooantopophilous mushrooms. Anthropophilic Mushrooms transmitted only from person to person.
In contact with the ground, a person may pick up geophilic mushroomsthat also cause lichen. Among viruses, there are a huge number of species that are also causative agents of lichen. They may not even make themselves felt while in the human body, until his immunity is weakened.
Most often, with diseases, we deprive the patient of a course that includes the use of antiviral or antifungal drugs, immunostimulating agents and topical ointments / gels.
At shingles The course will include pain medication, physiotherapy with a UV lamp and reflexology.
Physiotherapy will also be helpful in ringworm.
Pink and red lichen do not require special treatment, their symptoms can be alleviated by the use of sedatives and vitamins.
If you do not start treatment depriving in time, then he can go to chronic form and even cause malignant tumors. When contacting a specialist, he will first of all make a diagnosis using sampling and microscopic examination. Only after the type of lichen has been clarified, does therapeutic therapy begin.
The most common statistically are the following forms:
- ringworm (feline, microsporia) - caused by two genera of dermatophytes, a common skin disease, most noticeable in areas of the body with hairline,
- pityriasis versicolor (colored, sunny, colorful, tubular) - a disease caused by a yeast fungus, most often affecting people with excessive sweating and impaired immunity,
- herpes zoster (lumbar, herpes zoster) - dermatosis, which leads to the activity of the herpes virus. The lesions are the lines along which the nerve trunks in the ribs pass,
- lichen red (flat, flat in the oral cavity) is a non-infectious autoimmune systemic disease,
- pink lichen (colds, Zhiber's lichen) is a disease with an incompletely studied etiology; medical scientists have not yet found out which microorganism is the causative agent, so many questions remain unresolved today.
In addition to the above forms of lichen, there are less common:
- Devergy's disease (lichen planus),
- weeping (eczema),
- plain white
- scaly (psoriasis),
- scleroatrophic (sclerosing),
- the black,
- Vidal lichen (simple chronic),
- subcutaneous (subcutaneous tick),
- seborrheic (seborrhea),
- bubbly (herpes simplex).
The causative agents that lead to lichen are of three types:
- Anthropophiles are a group of pathogens whose life cycle passes completely on the human body.
- Zooanthropophiles - a person is a variable carrier, but the main life cycle passes on the body of animals.
- Geophiles are microorganisms whose main habitat is open ground.
Each of them can “live” on the human body for years without showing signs of its presence, which happens on the body of each of the living people. For such microorganisms, the starting point is the moment of immunity decline, after which they begin to actively develop and manifest themselves.
This type of dermatosis manifests itself as a complication of colds, especially if they were transferred without proper treatment. For the same reason, the disease is considered seasonal, most often, it affects able-bodied citizens under the age of 40 years. Despite the viral nature of the pathogen, people usually suffer from pink lichen in the autumn and spring.
In scholarly circles, disputes about the causative agent of Giber disease (pink lichen) continue until today, some of the doctors believe that the cause of the disease is not herpes, but a special type of respiratory infection. None of the theories has been reliably confirmed.
This variety is transmitted through the household. If this is a fungal form, then the pathogen begins to multiply immediately after it enters the skin of a healthy person (after contact with the patient), but in cases of seborrheic dermatitis, additional circumstances should appear: dustiness and dryness of the room, high temperature, immunity problems.
This type is typical for people in childhood who have had chickenpox, because it is caused by the same pathogen. When a person suffers this disease, he develops immunity to it, but the virus still remains in a person in a state of "waiting". If a person has a long time weakened immunity, the disease can re-activate and manifest itself on the body.
The cause of the disease are two pathogens: Trichophyton tonsurans (Anthropophilus) and Microsporum canis (Zooanthropophilus). Each of them causes its own form of the disease, but the clinical picture in both cases is very similar. Lichen is most common among organized groups of children. It is transmitted by all possible household methods, from getting the pathogen into microscopic mechanical damage to the skin, to contacting healthy skin with the affected one, you can get sick even by touching the object that the sick person touched.
The most mysterious ailment of a group of lichens, so doctors before, today argue about the factors that contribute to it, are considered: stress, viruses, allergies. It is authentically known that more often they suffer from women with digestive system problems and diabetes. After infection, red lichen quickly begins to “occupy” the entire body, affecting the nails, genitals, smooth and hairy skin and mucous membranes.
Photo depriving: how it looks
Regardless of how confident you are about which lichen struck you, you should immediately consult a doctor to clarify the diagnosis and prevent infection of the whole family.
A doctor, in addition to general measures of medical diagnosis (collection of anamnesis, tests and microscopic examination of skin scraping), can use:
- With pink lichen, to differentiate the disease from syphilis, if previous tests have not given a reliable answer, a serological examination can be prescribed.
- With pityriasis versicolor - as an additional study, a Balcer test and a Wood lamp are used.
- With shingles - when confirming the diagnosis with standard research methods, the doctor will do an additional study of the whole organism. Herpes zoster can lead to the formation of a malignant tumor, and its detection is a priority and vital issue.
- With ringworm - often the usual diagnosis of lichen is enough, but sometimes the doctor uses a Wood lamp to clarify the clinical picture.
- With a red flat - additional studies are rarely resorted to, given the fact that the disease is easily identifiable by the Wikem grid. At the same time, taking into account the specificity and poorly studied disease, general tests can be prescribed to study the patient's body and prescribe treatment.
Treatment is prescribed depending on the type and form that struck the person of the disease, these factors will affect its duration (the average course takes up to three weeks). Usually, lichen is treated by external means, but in some cases, medication is necessary.
Without clarifying the diagnosis and a professionally selected course, lichen cannot be cured, in this case self-medication is the worst thing you can give your body.
Treatment for pink lichen
External or other drugs are not needed to solve the problem, the disease itself will go away after 5-8 weeks, but if this did not happen, this indicates an incorrect diagnosis. In this case, the doctor will prescribe additional tests to differentiate the disease from syphilis, parapsoriasis and erythema multiforme or migratory. Also, during the period of the disease, a variety of viral diseases of the satellite can be added to it, in this case, treatment will be aimed at directly suppressing concomitant viral infections, up to the appointment of antibiotics.
With severe itching, antipruritic drugs are prescribed, which are selected depending on its clinical signs and individual characteristics of the body:
- antihistamines - Loratadin, Kestin, Lomilan, etc.,
- hormonal - Lokacorten, Flucort, Prednisolone, etc.,
- sedatives - Trioxazine, Elenium, Aminazine, etc.,
- local - Podophylline paste, Menthol, Carbolic acid, etc.,
- inhibitors - Tacrolimus, Elidel and others,
- improvised means - aloe juice, chamomile broth, lemon juice, 6% vinegar (all of them are used as external funds).
In addition, with pink lichen, there are a number of restrictions that complicate the life of the patient, because you can not:
- Wear synthetic, woolen and hard fabrics.
- Use hard washcloths or harsh detergents.
- Use drying powders and ointments, because they do not reduce, but increase the number of plaques.
- Apply perfume or cosmetics to the affected area.
Treatment of pityriasis versicolor
The main thing in the process of ridding yourself of color deprivation is to see a doctor, because if you do not stop the ailment at first, the course of recovery can stretch for many months.
In most cases, these are local drugs:
- antimycotic ointments, gels, sprays - Mycosolone, Ketoconazole, etc.,
- lotions, shampoos and soaps - Sulsena, Nizoral, etc.,
In especially severe cases, complex medication antimycotic drugs of the Fluconazole group are used.
Among folk treatment methods, two can be distinguished:
- Onion compress - freshly squeezed juice of onions rub the affected areas four times a day.
- Eucalyptus tincture - used as a topical preparation. For manufacturing, add the same series to three tablespoons of eucalyptus, after which the mixture is insisted in 80 g. boiling water.
To avoid infection of the whole family, the patient should have their own hygiene items. Things such as a washcloth, underwear and clothes from the patient should be purely personal.
If the patient went to the doctor in the first 2-3 days after infection, Acyclovir will help to quickly overcome the problem, at later stages it is useless, because the healing process will start on its own, but will be longer.
During this period, the main problem of the patient will be symptoms, they will help to cope with them:
- Zelenka - is needed for shingles to cope with infection with third-party viral diseases.
- Diuretic drugs - they are prescribed if the intoxication of the body exceeds reasonable limits, this should not be abused, so the process should be supervised by a professional doctor.
- From itching, the doctor will prescribe antihistamines, local, and in severe cases, sedatives.
- For pain - non-hormonal and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and painkillers are prescribed, most often Meloxicam and similar drugs.
This type of lichen is treated only using an integrated approach, and the course itself will greatly depend on the pathogen identified and the patient's body characteristics.
The course of treatment usually has the following design:
- Local antimycotic drugs: Mycoseptin, Clotrimazole.
- Antiseptics - a standard regimen includes a combination of iodine and salicylic acid, in which the first drug is applied in the morning and the second in the evening.
- Complex oral medications: Nystatin, Lamisil and others.
- Additional treatment - folk remedies and specific medications, for example, Vidal milk, which is rarely made even by professional pharmacists, fall into this category.
- Increased immunity - in the treatment of this form, depriving the doctor always prescribes a complex of vitamins and immunomodulators to compensate for the damage caused by the disease and the treatment of harm to the body.
Each component of the course should be prescribed by a doctor, based on tests and a patient map. Depending on the pathogen, degree of neglect and form of the disease, the components of the course of the drug will change dramatically, despite the fact that the model will remain the same.
So in common people called psoriasis. The disease develops against a background of impaired immunity. The triggering mechanism can be hormonal disruptions, stress, regular overwork.
The first elements of the rash often appear on the hands - in the area of the elbow or forearm (pictured). Much less often, the disease affects the lower limbs (in the knee zone), back (upper part of the shoulder blades, back of the neck). First, a small reddish spot appears on the body. It begins to peel off. The scales are large, silver-white, easily scraped off with a fingernail, but new ones quickly appear in their place. This is a sign of hyperkeratosis - the rapid division of the stratum corneum, in which dead cells do not have time to tear away. The spot increases in size, peels more intensively, new elements of the rash appear around it, which quickly increase.
As the disease develops, a pronounced inflammation appears in the plaque area. Under the scales, a red substrate is visible, the rashes itch, hurt, in some cases, the skin is cracked. Erosions appear on it. Without proper treatment, the symptoms do not subside. In advanced cases, the connective tissue of the joints is affected, the patient cannot move normally.
A physician should deal with the treatment of psoriasis. Prescribe complex therapy using hormonal (Betaderm, Betasalik, Kutiveyt), vitamin (Dayvoneks, Radevit), keratolytic (Salicylic ointment, Ureotope), antibacterial (Naftalan, Ichthyol, Vishnevsky), regenerating (Cinovit, Psoricap). They are used according to an individual scheme, combined, periodically replaced. The treatment lasts a lifetime. In severe cases (with damage to large areas of the body, severe inflammation, involvement of articular tissue), preparations are prescribed for internal use in the group of chemotherapeutic agents and cytostatics.
Treatment of lichen planus
Since this is an autoimmune disease, there are no specific measures to combat the pathogen.
The specialist prescribes the general course based on the collected history, and the treatment regimen is as follows:
- Restoring the immune system - for this, a complex of vitamins is prescribed, focusing on the restoration of vitamins A and C in the patient's body.
- Complex antisymptomatic drugs - sedatives of the phenazepam group and other similar drugs are often prescribed.
- External antisymptomatic drugs - usually these are traditional medicines agreed with your doctor: talc, aloe, starch or vinegar.
What kind of disease is lichen?
Lichen is a lesion of the skin with viruses, as a result of which the corresponding symptoms appear on the epidermis, which tend to spread quickly to healthy areas of the skin and infect another person.
On the skin, it most often manifests itself in the form of skin peeling, redness, and crust formation. Depending on the type of lichen, a person may have blisters, each type of disease has its own characteristics and causes.
This is the second name for eczema. The disease develops against the background of prolonged allergic dermatoses, infectious skin diseases. In fact, any skin disease can transform into eczema. Most often, the skin on the hands, forearms, and neck is affected. An eczematous rash is first represented by vesicles, then goes into peeling. The zones are less covered with scales than with psoriasis. After bursting of vesicles, a process of atrophy (thinning) of the skin is observed. It cracks, becomes inflamed, becomes like tissue paper. The patient suffers from constant itching and pain. Repeated contact with allergens, injuries and scratches on the hands or prolonged exposure to water greatly worsen the situation. Then the damage increases, and peeling spreads to previously healthy areas.
The treatment of eczema is complex. Includes sedatives, diet, spa treatment. It is very important to identify the provocateur of the disease. If you eliminate it from life, you can significantly reduce the frequency of relapses of eczema. Patients with weeping lichen often suffer from infection of the wounds with bacteria and fungi. To eliminate the secondary infection, drugs with a combined composition (Triderm, Kremgen, Triakutan), healing drugs (Zinc ointment, Dexpanthenol), regular treatment with antiseptics are prescribed.
Almost all types of lichen are contagious, so you should remember the rules of common sense and hygiene.
Here are some of them as an example:
- wash hands, not only after contact with a sick person, but every time after touching money, public transport, using the toilet, etc.,
- do not contact stray and wild animals, even if you feed them, try not to stroke them,
- do not use other people's razors, combs and other personal hygiene items,
- you can’t change clothes with someone else, measure other people's hats and glasses,
- it is necessary to regularly strengthen the immune system and prevent its weakening,
- if possible, do not consume harmful foods and abandon addictions.
In addition to these rules, there are also purely special, characteristic for certain varieties of lichen. They are especially relevant if there is a sick person in the house.
If lichen planus does not have preventive measures, because it is autoimmune and, as a result, not infectious, then in the other common types of the disease they are as follows:
- Pink - enhanced monitoring of your own immunity and taking the right vitamin course in the autumn and spring periods will help to bypass the ailment even for those people who are already sick and prone to relapse.
- Pityriate - you must always monitor hygiene, and additional attention should be paid to men with seborrheic disease and high sweating.
- Tinea - avoid contact with patients with chickenpox. Contrary to the popular belief that adults who have chickenpox cannot get infected again, such contact can lead to an increase in the activity of the pathogen in the body and herpes zoster.
- Shearing - it is necessary to avoid contact with unfamiliar and stray animals, as well as carefully monitor the hygiene of hands and body.
If lichen is provoked by fungi or viruses (there can be no bacterial nature), there is a risk of infection spreading through household contacts. That is why, if itchy spots appear on the body, consult a doctor as soon as possible. If the disease is not treated, the problems with the skin and with health in general are likely to worsen.
Nature of the disease
Lichen is an infectious disease that develops as a result of contact with the pathogen and the activation of its activity.
The causative agents of development of lichen are:
- viruses (herpes),
- fungi (zooanthropophilic, anthropophilic, geophilic).
There are also types of depriving nature of development, which are not defined. The cause of infection can be both contact with the carrier of the lichen infection (a person or an animal), and the use of objects that the patient used or touched. Some types of fungi are in the soil and fall on the skin when working with the ground without the use of gloves.
The disease does not always develop immediately after infection (some pathogens may be on the skin of a person from birth and may not be in the active phase), more often with a decrease in the protective function of the immune system.
Immunity reduction may occur due to:
- severe infectious disease
- frequent colds
- exacerbation of an allergic reaction,
- the presence of chronic or autoimmune pathologies,
- endocrine system diseases,
- violation of the digestive tract,
- long-term use of antibiotics and other aggressive medications,
- irrationally selected and excessive physical activity,
- the presence of cancer cells or HIV infection,
- lack of vitamins due to malnutrition.
Also, the development of lichen can be caused by provoking factors:
- genetic predisposition
- non-observance of personal hygiene,
- emotional and nervous overstrain,
- violation of the sweat and sebaceous glands (with an excess of secrets),
- frequent and prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays (sunbathing, visiting the solarium).
Most often, children are infected, since they have not yet been issued immunity and people of advanced age (their immune system is already severely depleted).
It is possible to recognize the defeat of the skin by the presence of the main signs of pathology:
- the presence of rashes on the skin of a diverse nature with clear boundaries (vesicles, flaky spots, papules),
- increased dryness of the epidermis. Accompanied by peeling and itching,
- deterioration in overall health at the initial stage is not noted.
Pathology at the initial stage is easier to treat or stop, and the risk of complications is also reduced. Only a dermatologist can confirm or refute lichen, and also prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Types and treatment of depriving a person
Lichen is a whole group of diseases that are characterized by the appearance of a rash on the skin in the form of nodules, vesicles with liquid, small scales, crusts or spots.
It must be remembered that not all types of lichen are infectious. Some of them are hereditary or autoimmune diseases, and even with prolonged and close contact are not transmitted.
Description of varieties of lichen in humans
Varieties of lichen in humans are divided by the type of pathogen (fungal, viral and of an indefinite nature) and the form of the course of the disease. Each type of infection is characterized by distinctive symptoms and the severity of the course of the disease. Treatment can be prescribed only after diagnosis, since it is important to determine the type of pathogen, for the selection of appropriate medications.
Types of lichen in humans
The most infectious and rapidly spreading is ringworm, therefore, it must be treated as quickly as possible, and the patient should be isolated for this period.The most serious disease from this group is psoriasis.. It is often inherited and significantly impairs the quality of life of patients. Herpes zoster can also cause a lot of unpleasant sensations, because its appearance is accompanied by severe pain.
Other types of the disease are not so dangerous, the correct lifestyle and the implementation of all the doctor's recommendations will help get rid of them forever.
Pink or lichen giber
Deprive Gibert is not contagious. It develops due to frequent hypothermia or stress, after infectious diseases. Refers to lichens of unknown origin.
Key features depriving
After recovery, immunity to the pathogen is formed. Re-infection is unlikely.
Pityriasis (multicolored) lichen
The following symptoms are characteristic of pityriasis versicolor:
- The appearance on the skin of spots of pink, brown and yellow. They are not symmetrical and, over time, can merge into large foci with uneven edges,
- The color of the spots may vary depending on the effect of ultraviolet radiation on the skin: in winter they are brown, and in summer they become light,
- On the surface of the spots there is subtle peeling,
- The localization of multi-colored lichen is the back and chest. In rare cases, it may appear on the neck, stomach, shoulders or scalp. And with the invert form of pityriasis, the spots are located in the folds of the skin,
- The disease is prone to relapse and, despite treatment, can last for years.
With the follicular form of the disease, pustules and papules up to 2 mm appear on the background of inflamed skin. The disease is accompanied by a fairly severe itching.
Treatment of pityriasis versicolor - a long process. During this period, the following funds are assigned:
- Antifungal drugs for external use: Clotrimazole, Dermazole, Ketoconazole, Nizoral, Lamisil,
- Antifungal drugs for internal use: Terbinafine, Dermazole, Sporagal. They are prescribed in case of a follicular form of the disease or if the disease covers large areas of the skin and progresses,
- Disinfecting solutions: iodine, salicylic alcohol, boric alcohol.
Photo of pityriasis versicolor:
|Key features depriving||Short description|
|Key and distinguishing features||Spots can merge into a single large spot. The color of the rash depends on the intensity of the action of ultraviolet rays (from pink to tan).|
|Locations of the rash||Lichen spots are localized mainly on the trunk and shoulders.|
|Leakage features||Spots cover the skin without the presence of characteristic additional symptoms. Occasionally, slight peeling and itching are possible.|
|Who is susceptible to infection?||The disease often affects the skin of adolescents, since during this period there is a hormonal restructuring of the body.|
A predisposition to multi-colored lichen is transmitted along the hereditary line. The disease is chronic (full recovery is not possible). Therapy of pathology is aimed at eliminating the symptoms.
Piedra (knotty) lichen
With nodular lichen, hair is affected and the following symptoms occur:
- Dense white round or oval nodules appear on the surface of the hair, covering the hair in the form of a sleeve,
- Hair can stick together, forming bundles,
- When bending such hair, a characteristic crunch is heard, the cause of which is the destruction of a dense colony of the fungus.
The most effective treatment method is shaving the affected hair, after which the disease recedes. If this method is not suitable, then you need to wash your hair daily with a solution of mercury dichloride 1: 1000 and comb out the nodules with a small comb.
Photo of the pedestrian:
Under the general name "lichen" a large number of dermatological diseases are combined, which can be caused by fungi, viruses or an allergic reaction. For the treatment of lichen caused by pathogenic fungi, doctors often prescribe clotrimazole. This is a broad-spectrum agent that helps to quickly and effectively get rid of the disease.
Having learned about the diagnosis of shingles, each person asks the question: “Can I infect my family and friends?” “Is this disease dangerous for others?” The article will help to understand the causes of this disease, tell me how to protect the child from infection and what measures are required to prevent the disease. You will find out if shingles are contagious to those around them, adults or children, or not.
Piedra or knotty lichen
Lichen has a fungal nature, infection is possible when using infected objects (combs, towels, hats).
|Key features depriving||Short description|
|Key and distinguishing features||Outwardly, the hair looks exhausted, they have white formations, itching is present. When bending damaged hair, there is a crunch (formed due to the destruction of the fungal colony). Brittleness and hair loss for lichen Piedra is not typical.|
|Locations of the rash||The fungus affects the hair.|
|Leakage features||White nodules form on the hair that glue the hair into bundles. Under the influence of a fungal infection, the hair structure is destroyed.|
|Who is susceptible to infection?||Lichen is more common in people living in hot climates.|
The disease is chronic in the treatment of drugs. When shaving hair, a complete cure is possible.
The causative agent of lichen is a fungal infection that activates in hot and sunny weather. Infection is possible in extremely rare cases. With severe depletion of immunity.
|Key features depriving||Short description|
|Key and distinguishing features||Rashes itch under the influence of ultraviolet rays. Spots do not protrude above the main surface, slight peeling is possible. They are brown to white.|
|Locations of the rash||The rash is localized on the trunk and neck.|
|Leakage features||Spots during the development of the disease can change color to darker, increase in size and merge into a large spot.|
|Who is susceptible to infection?||Lichen more often affects people under 30 years old.|
Lichen is treatable, both with medicines and folk remedies. In the absence of therapy, the disease becomes chronic.
Lichen has a fungal nature. It develops in the presence of provoking factors (decreased immunity, hypothermia or overheating of the body) and a fungal infection on the skin. The probability of infection from a patient is extremely low.
|Key features depriving||Short description|
|Key and distinguishing features||Spots from red to flesh. Mild itching and burning may be present at the site of the rash.|
|Locations of the rash||Rashes often affect the area of the back and abdomen.|
|Leakage features||With the course of the disease, spots can change color and merge into one spot. If untreated, rashes can cover the entire skin.|
|Who is susceptible to infection?||Lichen more often affects people under the age of 30 years. Especially lovers of sunbathing and tanning beds.|
The disease is chronic in nature, but the symptoms are amenable to medication.
Asbestos lichen is contagious (transmitted through contact or through personal items). Damage to the skin is possible with reduced immunity and the presence of open injuries. The causative agent of the disease is not installed.
|Key features depriving||Short description|
|Key and distinguishing features||The hairline looks exhausted, the formation of bald patches is possible. Redness with silver scales forms on the skin, swelling is possible. There is severe itching.|
|Locations of the rash||It affects mainly the scalp, but can spread to smooth skin.|
|Leakage features||The skin is covered with spots with scales. With advanced forms, the pathology passes into eczema with the formation of weeping wounds.|
|Who is susceptible to infection?||The disease can affect people at any age. The female sex is more susceptible to infection.|
Pathology has a chronic form. The use of medicines allows you to stop the disease for a long time.
Lichen has a fungal nature. It is transmitted by contact with the carrier of the pathogen (human or animal, most often from cats) and through objects.
|Key features depriving||Short description|
|Key and distinguishing features||Rough or round or oval shaped plaques with cloudy contents form on the skin. With damage to the scalp, the development of baldness is possible. There is severe itching, peeling and fever.|
|Locations of the rash||It affects any part of the skin, including on the head.|
|Leakage features||Initially, a circle with a red border is formed on the skin. In the course of the course of the disease and combing, the circumference increases in size. Gradually, a new border may form around the circle. This forms a circle in a circle.|
|Who is susceptible to infection?||More often, the disease develops in children from 3 to 8 years. It occurs in adults.|
Lichen is amenable to medical treatment with timely diagnosis. In advanced stages, it can go into a chronic form.
What causes the disease?
There is a disease in a person as a result of infection with a viral infection, with which the immune system can not cope.
The most common pathogens in humans are the following pathogenic fungi:
- Zooanthropophilic - most often the cause of infection with such an infection is an infected animal. This type of disease in humans is contagious and tends to be transmitted through close contact from one person to another, as well as when using general hygiene products,
- Anthropophilic - are formed on the skin of a person as a result of reduced immunity, and can affect people around them in contact,
- Geophilic - this type of pathogenic fungus is present in the soil and can affect a person as a result of poor hygiene,
- Herpetic viruses - can occur as a result of an exacerbation of a disease and can be transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one.
Reasons for depriving
Lichen occurs for various reasons, which is why many varieties of lichen stand out.
The main causative agents of lichen are fungi or viruses, some species are considered one of the manifestations of an allergic reaction, and some have a hereditary factor.
But in addition to this, a number of factors have been identified that together can provoke the development of any type of lichen:
- Decreased immunity.
- Acute and chronic diseases of internal organs.
- Autoimmune diseases.
- Treatment with strong drugs, radiation or chemotherapy.
- Hormonal imbalance.
- Protracted stress, psychological disorders.
- Genetic factor.
- Violation or non-observance of personal hygiene.
- Wearing synthetic fabrics.
The disease may vary due to the age category, but the general signs of the disease and the duration of therapy are approximately the same.
Pathogens and signs of illness
The exact causative factor of the manifestation of the disease is not known. Some of the experts are convinced that the source is herpes virus type 7, and someone believes that the disease is provoked by the action of the respiratory virus, and in childrenin adults as well.
Considering the basics signs, you can notice that the formation of the disease starts with the appearance of a pink large spot on the body of 3-5 cm, which flakes a little in the center. Sometimes several spots form on different parts of the skin - this rash on the face, on bodily areas.
As the disease progresses, the scales fall off, and the spot becomes more brownish and yellowish, with a border on the edges. A few weeks later, “heirs” are formed at the main primary spot, smaller in size, but very similar in characteristics.
The general picture, according to which these rashes in the form of coins are located, look like a typical spruce branch. Sometimes plaques form on the body, often occurs rash on the hands and lower limbs, and this can be observed The child has (in children, the disease, as already mentioned, is a rarity) and an adult, regardless of age.
- Wood's lamp is the most common diagnostic device, with its help translucent areas of the skin are prone to disease, in the presence of depriving skin under the rays of the lamp, it acquires a certain shade (often greenish), which indicates the presence of the disease.
- Balzer's test is the most affordable diagnostic method and has high efficiency. For the test, the affected area is lubricated with iodine, with the defeat of the deprived skin acquires a characteristic shade. This test is carried out in conjunction with others and is used to confirm the diagnosis.
- Scraping - a fence of detachable particles of the dermis, for microscopic examination.
- Histological examination.
- General and biochemical analysis of blood, urine and feces - to identify concomitant diseases and helminthic invasions, helminths can be the cause of dermatological diseases.
Based on the analysis and research results, the doctor can make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment taking into account the characteristics of the patient’s body.
The treatment complex for the disease
Diagnosis is usually carried out on the basis of an external examination. If there are complaints of a strong desire to scratch plaques, the doctor prescribes an analysis for the study of tissue lesions in order to exclude other ailments. The disease itself does not require treatment, but exceptional cases prescribe a local remedy (so, it has proven itself well acyclovir treatment - a strong remedy for itching).
Folk remedies also often used to eliminate the disease:
- Wiping apple cider vinegardiluted in clean water to such a concentration that the acid taste remains, and at the same time it does not burn the skin. A cloth or cotton wool is dipped into the solution, used to wipe from 5 times a day.
- Licorice root broth or infusion helps to eliminate skin lesions. You can insist on alcohol or cook on fire. The resulting composition should be wiped lesions from 3 times a day.
- Widely used to eliminate rash horse sorrel, from which a special elixir is prepared: a tablespoon of the root of the plant is poured with hot water in the amount of a tablespoon and held in a water bath for half an hour. The finished product is relevant for compresses several times a day.
A competent approach to therapy will eliminate the external manifestations of the disease in a short period.
Symptoms of the disease
- An increase in body temperature at any time from 39 degrees,
- increased intoxication of the body, pain in the head, aching bones,
- the formation of pink rashes in places of nerve action on the skin,
- unbearable pain in the lesions of the skin,
- paresis and movement problems are formed in the affected areas.
Body rash at first it does not have a pronounced manifestation and has a diametrical value of up to 0.5 cm.
The next day, there is a transformation into more visible bubbles with a transparent liquid medium. They are localized on the face,
on the genitals.
A week later, they turn into crusts that can independently fall off after a month.
Atypical forms of course
- The absence of the fact of turning the first rash to papule,
- fusion of the rash into large blisters with lymph and blood, pus,
- spread not only to the skin integument, but also to the mucous region.
An external examination of the patient is sufficient for a competent diagnosis.
Traditionally, medicine can only affect the elimination of pain and external signs.
- At first, an antiviral drug is prescribed - acyclovirwhich later loses its effectiveness,
- non-steroid drugs are used to eliminate pain - meloxicam,
- lesions treated with brilliant green and ointments at the base acyclovir,
- well established folk remedies (infusions and decoctions of herbs, vinegar solution).
Proper treatment will avoid not only external manifestations, but also the discomfort caused by herpes zoster of increased progression.
Features of alternative therapy
There are several methods that are actively and effectively used in the progression of sores.
- Applying apple cider vinegar to the affected areas 6 times a day with minimal dilution with water.
- Rubbing before washing in the head with chamomile infusion of half a tablespoon of grass in a glass of boiled water, infused for 20 minutes.
- If arose baby rash, Regular rubbing with juice of plantain or purslane is often used.
Flat lichen in a person photo signs of treatment
Causes ailment - the action of viruses in the course of a decrease in immune function. An illness manifests itself as a result of a prolonged stay in stress or depression. The disease is not contagious, but can cause a lot of discomfort.
There are several forms of rashes with this form of the disease - ring-shaped, in the form of warts, as well as within the framework of erosion and ulcers.
The most effective treatment consists in the regular use of antihistamines and antiviral compounds (ointments to eliminate itching and swelling - acyclovir, advantan, herperax, vivorax).
Considering the issue of how to treat in the mouth this disease, it is worth noting the special effect that they have folk remedies.
Recipes with them are used to rinse the mucous membranes and regularly treat the affected areas. in the oral cavity, which is most often damaged by the action of the disease. The decoctions of oregano, elderberry, which are prepared according to the recipes described above, have proven themselves well. It’s best to use them inward, while for outward use calendula and regular processing hydrogen peroxide.
A skin disease that tends to affect not only the epidermis, but also the mucous membranes.
This type of lichen is manifested by the following symptoms:
- The formation of plaques of various sizes from red to brown,
- The appearance of pain in a place depriving,
- A person feels itching and burning,
- A clouding of the nails may appear.
The causes of this kind of disease in humans:
- Hormonal imbalances
- With skin damage and infection,
- Malfunctioning liver
Lichen can occur in the following forms:
- Annular - rashes appear on the genitals and on the inner side of the thighs, have the shape of rings,
- Erythematous - manifested by a bright rash and is accompanied by peeling and itching,
- Warty - a large number of flat warts appear on the skin,
- Pemphigoid - manifested by a rash in the form of blisters, after which pigment spots form,
- Ulcerative - with this form of lichen, small ulcers form on the skin, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms.
Simple facial deprivation or dry streptoderma
Lichen develops due to the activity of streptococcal infection. The disease affects the skin in people with reduced immunity, open injuries on the skin and with a hereditary predisposition. There is no risk of infection from a sick person. This disease is one of a variety of streptoderma.
|Key features depriving||Short description|
|Key and distinguishing features||It is characterized by the formation of spots on the epidermis, the color of which is lighter than the skin tone. Of the additional symptoms is mild itching after water procedures.|
|Locations of the rash||Spots affect the face, elbows and knees.|
|Leakage features||The spots gradually increase in size with the development of the disease.|
|Who is susceptible to infection?||The disease is more susceptible to boys under 16 years of age.|
In a mild form, medication is not required. The disease goes away on its own. With advanced forms, the elimination of pathology is possible with the use of medications.
Complications and consequences in adults, children, pregnant
Deprive in a neglected form, or if the patient ignores treatment, it is dangerous to develop many complications:
|In adults||In children||In pregnant|
|Joining a secondary infection in the presence of open wounds from combing the rash.|
|Transition of the disease into a chronic form with regular exacerbations.|
|The formation of scars and scars at the site of rashes.|
|Hair loss. With damage to the scalp.|
|The defeat of nerve endings.|
|Violation of the activity of internal organs and systems, with the penetration of infection into the circulatory system.|
|Deterioration of vision and hearing in the presence of rashes in the eyes and ears.|
|Deterioration of the skin.||With hair loss, bald spots may not be covered with new “vegetation”.||Violation of the development of the fetus, with the penetration of infection into the circulatory system.|
|Spontaneous urination (with damage to the bladder or nerve endings).||Risk of developing a miscarriage or premature birth.|
|Development lag in case of infection of the brain cells.|
In pregnant women, and in children, the body is in a weakened state, therefore it is more prone to infection with lichen and the development of complications. In addition, this category has a limitation in the choice of medications due to side effects.
Is it contagious and how is it transmitted
This is the first and most reasonable question that a patient should ask at a doctor’s appointment, because the health of relatives is at stake.
- Lichen planus.
- Scaly lichen (psoriasis).
- Weeping lichen (eczema).
Multi-colored (pityriasis) versicolor is considered conditionally non-infectious, because doctors are still arguing about the likelihood of infection. The causative agent itself (yeast fungus) is on the body of every living person, but it begins to reproduce solely with problems with immunity, so the effect of contact with the patient on the possibility of infection has not been proven today.
The remaining common types of lichen are quite contagious and have the following distribution mechanism:
- Pink lichen - it is slightly contagious and it is extremely rare for members of a close-knit group (family, colleagues). Surprising is the fact that they are more often affected by people who think that it is contagious, it is believed that this exerts severe stress on a person and, as a result, lowers the immune system, creating an ailment with a favorable area.
- Shingles - transmitted only between close people, constant tactile contact with the patient or his underwear is necessary. Despite widespread rumors, it is not transmitted by airborne droplets, unlike chickenpox.
- Ringworm is the most infectious of all lichens. It is transmitted literally through everything from direct contact to contact with objects touched by a person with an ailment in his incubation stage.
Complex of drugs
To eliminate lichen, complex treatment with the use of drugs externally and orally is required. As well as following a diet and visiting physiotherapy. The type of therapy depends on the causative agent.
|Release form||Category||Name of medicines|
|Ointments||Painkillers and anti-inflammatory|
|Antihistamines and antipruritic|
Independent choice of medicines or their replacement is unacceptable.
Features in children
Most varieties of lichen in children proceed in the same way as in adults, but some of them have features characteristic of young patients:
- Ringworm in children has two features: firstly, localization is somewhat shifted - the disease spot most often appears on the face and scalp and almost never on other parts of the body, and secondly, the onset of the disease is completely asymptomatic (even itching is absent).
- Pink lichen in a child - has a longer treatment period and localization - a maternal plaque, almost always, forms in the folds of the skin.
- Shingles in children - this species does not occur at all under the age of 10 years, and at the age of 16 it is extremely rare, but if this happens, then the course of the disease will be extremely severe. This type of lichen in children causes fever, severe headaches, a significant increase in lymph nodes. If you suspect a shingles in your child, he must be urgently taken to a hospital or an ambulance, because he needs urgent medical care and possibly resuscitation.
If the lichen struck during pregnancy, then doctors try to avoid its treatment, until the end of the bearing of the fetus, of course, taking into account its shape and neglect. Mostly, pregnant women are prescribed antihistamines, antipruritic drugs, and external antimycotic drugs.
An exception to this rule is shingles, although it does not affect the development of the fetus, but it creates terrible problems for the mother in childbirth. The support of family and friends is extremely important here, because she can’t practically take painkillers.
Are used and folk remedies.
- Cooking in the bath eucalyptus (3 tbsp.) And succession in the same content, bay 800 g of boiling water. The tool is effective for compresses and baths.
- Regular rubbing stains (3 times a day) onion juice, squeezed, fresh.
- The use of folk decoctions described in past stages.
Rash in adults or in children it can be easily defeated by using competent methods to eliminate it.
Have you encountered a lichen disease in humans? Are the photos and symptoms the same? Share your opinion and feedback on the forum!
Features of the treatment of pregnant women
Varieties of lichen in humans differ in chronic and acute form of flow. In case of damage to the skin, we deprive during pregnancy or in childhood, treatment is carried out with extreme caution.
The nuances of therapy:
- select drugs strictly according to age parameters and allowed for pregnant and lactating,
- aggressive medications (antifungal tablets, antibiotics and hormones) should be used only in extreme cases and with a severe course of the disease,
- if side effects are detected, the course of treatment is immediately interrupted. Replacing the product is carried out by a specialist,
- give preference to topical preparations.
During pregnancy, it is important to have time to eliminate the pathologies before the time of birth. Otherwise, the infection can affect the unprotected skin of the newborn. Before using medicines in children, coordination with a pediatrician is required to avoid contraindications.
Mild lichen can be treated with homemade drugs. You can also use the funds in complex treatment and as a prophylaxis.
Recommended treatment formulations:
- treat affected skin with tar soap 1 time per day. Soap has an antiseptic effect and helps accelerate the regeneration of skin cells,
- boil birch buds in equal proportions in water for 15 minutes. use for compresses 3 times a day for 15 minutes The product is suitable for use on the face and skin around the eyes. The product eliminates inflammation, itching and peeling,
- Use fresh Kalanchoe juice for compress. The dressing is removed when the composition is completely absorbed into the skin. The procedure is carried out 2 times a day. The plant has an antibacterial effect and accelerates the restoration of skin cells,
- chop fresh potatoes and drain the juice. Use the pulp in the form of a mask, if necessary, fix it with a bandage. Soak 30 minutes 2 times a day. Potato helps to even out skin tone, accelerates regeneration and moisturizes the skin.
Before using folk recipes, an allergic reaction test is required. Lichen is not a particularly dangerous disease, but it is dangerous to attach a secondary infection with the development of subsequent complications. Pathology can be contagious and can be transmitted both from humans and from animals. Complex treatment is prescribed by a dermatologist, depending on the type of pathology.
Article design: Lozinsky Oleg
Medical treatment for lichen
Each type of lichen implies a comprehensive treatment, which includes taking pills, applying ointments, treating the skin with solutions.
- Tablets - with an antiviral effect, for acting on the pathogen from the inside, are prescribed for the treatment of shingles and ringworm, antifungals in the treatment of multi-colored (pityriasis), flat red and ringworm. Antihistamines in the treatment of stripping Zhiber, as well as symptomatic treatment of other species, to eliminate itching. Immunostimulating drugs and vitamin complexes can be prescribed to increase the level of immunity.
- Ointments - are intended for local exposure to the pathogen, as well as tablets have an antifungal effect. In addition, ointments and / or creams with a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect are prescribed to eliminate swelling of the affected tissues and relieve pain. Regenerating ointments - to normalize the work of skin cells and the speedy healing of tissues.
- Solutions - pharmacy products with antiseptic and antibacterial action, for sanitation (cleaning) of the skin before applying ointments.
- Shampoos - possessing antifungal properties, for the purpose of prevention after contact with an infected person or animal, or an additional tool to accelerate the treatment of fungal species of lichen.
The treatment regimen is selected individually, taking into account the patient's age, form and course of the disease. Self-medication is unacceptable.
Simple lichen, which is also referred to as white is a fairly common type of disease in humans. It manifests itself most often with the appearance of spots, which are much lighter than the natural tone of the skin.
It can occur completely without any unpleasant symptoms. However, many patients complain of itching after contact with water. White lichen in humans has the ability to pass independently.
Causes of lichen in humans:
- Severe allergies,
- Under the age of 16, boys are most often exposed,
- Eczema Disease
The disease is manifested by the following symptoms:
- The appearance of white spots in the knees and elbows,
- When pressed on a plaque, it does not change its color,
- Slight peeling of the skin.
For treatment, special medicines are not used.
The disease damages the hair column, and appears as a result of a fungus that destroys the hair scales and forms a kind of nodule.
May occur in the following forms:
- Acute form - at this stage of the development of the disease, nodules appear on the majority of the hair, and it itches the person,
- Chronic form - manifests itself as a temporary formation of the disease of a small number of formations on the hair.
The disease belongs to the category of infectious, and can be transmitted as follows:
- Through combing products,
- When using other people's hats,
- When using products for styling and hair care.
The most common disease is manifested by the following symptoms:
- The presence of white nodules on the hair of a solid structure,
- Bad hair condition.